Wildeman C, Wang EA. Mass incarceration, public health, and widening inequality in the USA. Lancet. 2017. Examines how mass incarceration shapes inequality in health including negative health impacts on female partners and children. Incarceration harms entire communities and is a root cause of health disparities – in the USA and other developed countries.
Beatty Moody DL, et.al. Everyday discrimination and metabolic syndrome incidence in a racially/ethnically diverse sample: sample of women’s health across the nation (SWAN). Psychosom Med. 2017. Study of 2,132 US women found Everyday Discrimination exposure predicted a 33% greater incidence of Metabolic Syndrome over 13+ years, independent of risk factors such as physical activity, socioeconomic status, smoking and alcohol consumption.
Krieger N. Discrimination and health inequities. Int J Health Serv 2014. Medical research continues to neglect exploration of the health impacts of structural discrimination. This article: (1) reviews definitions (2) discusses how discrimination becomes embodied and produces health inequities; (3) summarizes evidence (4) addresses key controversies and challenges
Huynh VW, Guan SS, Almeda DM, et al. Everyday Discrimination and Diurnal Cortisol during Adolescence. Horm Behav. 2016. Study of 292 adolescents, whether they perceived everyday discrimination, and attributIon of discrimination to race, gender, age, or weight. Higher frequency of everyday discrimination was associated with cortisol abnormalities regardless of type of discrimination.