The original 1998 Felitti-Anda Study of ACEs: Felitti V, Anda R, et.al. Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults: The Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Study. Am J Prev Med. 1998
Anda, RF, Felitti VJ, et. al. The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood. A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2006. FREE FULL TEXT
ACEs Aware: California program providing training and payment to Medi-Cal providers for ACE screening. Established by the Office of the California Surgeon General, Nadine Burke Harris MD MPH.
Controversy about whether to “screen” patients for ACEs:
Hambrick EP, Brauner TW, Perry BD, Brandt K, Hofmeister C, Collins JO. Beyond the ACE Score: Examining relationships between timing of developmental adversity, relational health and developmental outcomes in children. Arch Psychiatr Nurs 2019.
McLennan JD, MacMillan HL, Afifi TO. Questioning the use of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) questionnaires. Child Abuse and Neglect 2020.