Mindulness is “the awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment by moment.” 

RESOURCE:   Kabat-Zinn (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: past, present, and future. Clin Psychol Sci Pract 

3 components of mindfulness that may promote recovery from trauma include: 
    o   Attention 
    o   A mindful cognitive style
    o   Nonjudgment.


Sun (2022)  Addressing the biological embedding of early life adversities (ELA) among adults through mindfulness  Neurosci Biobehav Res  Evidence for mindfulness training to reduce the elevated mental and physical health risks linked to ELA among adults by targeting biological pathways:  (a) brain networks involved in self-regulation, (b) immunity and inflammation, (c) telomere biology, and (d) epigenetic modifications

Boyd (2018) Mindfulness-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder: a review of the treatment literature and neurobiological evidence.  J Psychiatry Neurosci.  Review of neurobiological models of PTSD and neuroimaging findings in the mindfulness literature.  Mindfulness interventions may target emotional under- and overmodulation of emotional regulation, both of which are critical features of PTSD symptomatology. Mindfulness-based treatments may also be effective in restoring connectivity between large-scale brain networks among individuals with PTSD, including connectivity between the default mode network and the central executive and salience networks.