Attachment and Attunement

ATTACHMENT is a key ingredient of healthy Early Child Development -
deep and emotional bond between people, particularly parent-child, family-friends, romantic partners. 

ATTACHMENT results in feelings of a secure base, a safe haven, emotional closeness, comfort and protection.  Separation can cause distress.


ATTUNEMENT is being “tuned in” to another person or a group. 

ATTUNEMENT within the parent-child DYAD is created by the CYCLE of a parent SENSING a child’s feelings and needs – and RESPONDING to those needs – matching their rhythm, affect and experience. 

ATTUNEMENT establishes a sense of security within the child and allows the child to self-regulate emotions and develop thinking.

ATTUNEMENT between a pair (a DYAD) is also called CO-REGULATION.